Water-colour painting of a part of the city of Pune (Poona) by John Frederick Lester (1825-1915) dated September 1871. This is from an album of 30 folios with laid down water-colours made between 1865 and 1877 in Kathiawar, Bombay, Poona, Mahabaleshwar and Savantvadi State.
Pune is situated near to the Western Ghats in Maharashtra; it occupies a strategic place on the trade routes between the Deccan and the Arabian Sea and prospered during the early medieval period. Under the 16th century Marathas Pune became the military headquarters and capital of a sovereign state, until its rulers were deposed by the Brahmin Peshwa family who dominated Pune during the 18th century. They ruled until the arrival of the British when the city was used as the headquarters of the Government of Bombay and a major military cantonment.