Bombay Photo Images[ Mumbai]
Saturday, January 15, 2011
Timeline of Mumbai--600B.C. ONWARDS
Timeline of Mumbai
Up to 18th century
600 BC — First known permanent settlement.
300 BC — Part of Ashokas Empire.
900 to 1300 — part of Hindu Silhara dynasty.
1343 — Part of the Gujarat sultanate.
1431 – Haji Ali Dargah built.
1508 — Francisco de Almeida sailed into the deep natural harbour.
1534 — Bombay ceded to the Portuguese.
1661 — Portuguese Princess Catherine of Braganza brings Bom Bahia to King Charles II of England as part of her marriage dowry.
1668/1669 — British East India Company leased the seven islands of Bombay from Charles II
1670 — First printing press imported to Bombay by Parsi businessman Bhimji Parikh
1672 — Consecration of the first Tower of Silence and first Fire temple (Hirji Vachha Agiary, now defunct)
1675 — Population estimated to have risen to 60,000 from 10,000 in 1661.
1675 — The Mumba Devi temple built near the main landing site on the former Bori Bunder creek or inlet, against the north wall of the English Fort Saint George.
1709 — First attested private Parsi
(in the home of Banaji Limji). Continues to be the oldest continuously-burning Zoroastrian fire in Mumbai (now in the Limji Agiary, Fort).
1735 — Start of shipbuilding industry (Wadia docks, Duncan docks)
1750 — Asia's first dry dock built by Lovji Wadia in Bombay
1777 — First newspaper published in Bombay by Rustom Kersaspjee
1801 – Siddhivinayak temple built at Prabhadevi.
19 June 1810 —
floated, first Royal Navy ship built outside the British Isles and from the deck of which the Star Spangled Banner would be composed
1822 — First vernacular language newspaper in Bombay, Mumbai Samachar published by Fardunjee Marzban. India's oldest newspaper still being published.
1838 — First edition of Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce launched
1845 — Grant Medical College founded.
1846 — Mahim Causeway between Salsette and Mahim completed.
16 April 1853 — First railway line in India between Bombay and Thane.
1854 — First cotton mill started.
1857 — University of Bombay established.
1858 — The Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China opens its Bombay branch.
1864 — The Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway (later merged with other railways to form Western Railway) is extended to Bombay.
1870 — Bombay Port Trust formed.
1872 — Bombay Municipal Corporation founded.
1885 — Indian National Congress formed at Gowalia Tank Maidan.
1887 — Victoria Jubilee Technological Institute(VJTI) established. First and only institute offering degree in engineering until 1960.
1890 — Robert Harris, 4th Baron Harris arrives to take over as Governor of the Presidency of Bombay.
1893 — Sectarian rioting between Hindus and Muslims.
1896 — Famine followed by break out of bubonic plague. Waldemar Haffkine begins plague research at Grant Medical College.
1897 — Haffkine announces plague vaccine, tests it on himself and on volunteers from Byculla Jail.
1899 – Bombay plague epidemic
1900 — By this year, 45 trains of Western Railway in each direction were carrying over one million passengers annually.
1911 — King George V and Queen Mary visit Bombay. Gateway of India is built to commemorate their arrival.
1913 — Sydenham College established. The First College of Commerce in Asia.
12 January 1915 — Gandhi returns to India from South Africa at Mumbai.
22 January 1926 — King Edward Memorial Hospital inaugurated.
15 July 1926 — First motorised bus ran between Afghan Church and Crawford Market.
1928 — The first electric train runs between Churchgate and Borivali.
1930 — Bombay Cricket Association established.
15 October 1932 — J. R. D. Tata flew from Karachi to Bombay via Ahmedabad landing on a grass strip at Juhu paving the way for civil aviation in India.
1934 — UDCT established. First institute dedicated to research in Chemical Engineering in India.
1940 — reclamation of land that will become Nariman Point begins.
8 August 1942 — Quit India Movement declaration passed at Gowalia Tank Maidan.
14 April 1944 — Bombay Harbour Explosion kills scores of people and hurls debris up to 3 km away.
1958 — IIT Bombay established in Powai.
1960 — Flora Fountain incident": 105 Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti demonstrators killed in altercation with the police
1 May 1960 – Bombay becomes the capital of newly formed Marathi state Maharashtra.
31 March 1964 — Last tram made its journey from Bori Bundar to Dadar.
1982 January – Great Bombay Textile Strike started, by mill workers of Bombay, under trade union leader Dutta Samant.
December 1992 – January 1993 — Over 2000 people killed in Hindu-Muslim communal riots following the Babri Masjid destruction.
1993 — Serial bomb blasts across Bombay, masterminded by underworld don Dawood Ibrahim, kill 300 and injure hundreds more.
1995 — Bombay renamed to Mumbai. Subsequently University of Bombay renamed to University of Mumbai.
26 July—1 August 2005 — Torrential July rains and flooding – the worst in 120 years – push the death toll to nearly 450.
12 March 1993 – Series of 13 bombs go off killing 257
6 December 2002 – Bomb goes off in a bus in Ghatkopar killing 2
27 January 2003 – Bomb goes off on a bicycle in Vile Parle killing 1
14 March 2003 – Bomb goes off in a train in Mulund killing 10
28 July 2003 – Bomb goes off in a bus in Ghatkopar killing 4
25 August 2003 – Two Bombs go off in cars near the Gateway of India and Zaveri Bazaar killing 50
11 July 2006 – Series of seven bombs go off in trains killing 207
26 November 2008 – November 2008 Mumbai Attacks
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