Friday, April 11, 2014

History-Gate way of India,1800-now


Gateway of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gateway_of_India
The Gateway of India is a monument built during the British Raj in Mumbai (formerly Bombay), India. It is located on the waterfront in the Apollo Bunder area in . 

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Apollo Bunder
Wellington Pier (Marathi: अपोलो बंदर)(formerly known as Apollo Bunder) was the an important pier for embarkation and disembarkation of passengers and goods in the city of Bombay (now Mumbai), India in the late 19th century.

The original name for the pier (Bunder means port or more correctly, haven) was derived from the Palla fish that was sold at this spot in old times. This was corrupted to the Portuguese Pollem and finally to the English Apollo. This old name was still popular among the Indians and is continued to be used today instead of Wellington Pier.

The pier was once a maze of wharves and docks where brisk trading took place. During the months of April and May the pier was particularly busy, with thousands of baskets of cotton (pressed bales were a thing of the future) were stacked to be loaded onto ships. There was frantic activity to be seen on the Cotton Green, at the Custom's House, and at the hydraulic presses where the raw staple was being baled for export. Since passengers had to disembark with their baggage at the Custom's House, further north near the Mazgaon dock, passenger ships would make only a short stop at these piers to land the mail.

Currently it is the location of the famed Gateway of India and the only passengers using it currently are those that take the ferry to Elephanta Island.






Snapshots from the past: Apollo Bunder in the late 19th century. The picture postcard shows the Bunder before the Chinese Pavilion—afterwards replaced by the Gateway of India—was erected. Photo courte





BEFORE THE THE FIRST PAVILION WAS MADE (above painting)
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After the pavilion made(below painting)





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Gateway Of India Mumbai - History And Architecture

www.mumbai.org.uk/gate-way-of-india.html
Gateway of India is India's most valued structure, which was built in 1924. ... chief ports and is a major tourist attraction for visitors who arrive in India for the first time. ... This monument was built to welcome King George V and Queen Mary to ...



The structure was erected to commemorate the landing of their Majesties King George V and Queen Mary at Apollo Bunder, when they visited India in 1911. Built in Indo-Saracenic style, the foundation stone for the Gateway of India was laid on 31 March 1911. The final design of George Wittet was sanctioned in 1914 and the construction of the monument was completed in 1924. The Gateway was later the ceremonial entrance to India for Viceroys and the new Governors of Bombay.[10] It served to allow entry and access to India



The writings on the Gateway of India which reads "Erected to commemorate the landing in India of their Imperial Majesties King George V and Queen Mary on the Second of December MCMXI"

British Royalty, Queen Mary - YouTube

www.youtube.com/watch?v=FkPdWkDN7KI
Mar 15, 2011 - Uploaded by Footage File
Queen Mary and King George V. 1911, pan of crowded stadium in India as Queen Mary is made ... Pan of ...




King George V's coronation at Delhi Durbar

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harbour, 2003
Gateway of India is located in Mumbai
Gateway of India
Location within Mumbai
Former names Gilbert
General information
Architectural style Indo-Saracenic
Location Mumbai, India Bombay
Coordinates 18.921836°N 72.834705°E
Elevation 10 m (33 ft)
Construction started 31 March 1911
Completed 1924
Inaugurated 4 December 1924
Cost INR 2.1 million (1911)
Client India
Owner Archaeological Survey of India
Height 26 m (85 ft)
Technical details
Diameter 15 metres (49 feet)
Design and construction
Architect George Wittet
Architecture firm Gammon India[1]
Renovating team
Architect George Wittet






Dedication ceremony of the gateway, 1924.

File:Vintage Postcard of Gateway of India.jpg

GATEWAY OF INDIA 1940'S




  Final British Soldiers Leaving India-from gate way of India video



File:India Mumbai Victor Grigas 2011-6.jpg








terror attack by Pakistan trained terrorists









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