Wednesday, December 26, 2018

traders complaints on discounts offered by Flipkart and Amazon

Flipkart, Amazon hit as govt tightens e-commerce norms

The revised e-commerce norms come in the backdrop of several complaints by traders on deep discounts offered by Flipkart and Amazon

The government has prohibited e-commerce companies from entering into exclusive deals for products. Photo: iStock
The government has prohibited e-commerce companies from entering into exclusive deals for products. Photo: iStock
New Delhi: Tightening e-commerce norms for online retail firms, such as Flipkart and Amazon, the government on Wednesday took a host of steps and barred them from selling products of the companies in which they have stakes. The commerce and industry ministry also prohibited e-commerce companies from entering into exclusive deals for products.
“An entity having equity participation by e-commerce marketplace entity or its group companies, or having control on its inventory by e-commerce marketplace entity or its group companies, will not be permitted to sell its products on the platform run by such marketplace entity,” the ministry said.
Besides, the revised policy on FDI in e-commerce said that services should be provided by e-commerce marketplace entity or other firms in which the e-retail company has a direct or indirect equity participation or common control to vendors on the platform at arms length and in fair and non-discriminatory manner.
“Cashback provided by the group companies of marketplace entity to buyers shall be fair and non-discriminatory,” the ministry’s notification said.
It further said that these companies will have to file a certificate along with a report of statutory auditor to the Reserve Bank of India, confirming compliance of guidelines by 30 September of every year for the preceding fiscal.
These changes will come into effect from 1 February 2019.
The decision comes in the backdrop of several complaints by domestic traders on heavy discounts being given by e-commerce players, such as Flipkart and Amazon, to consumers.
According to the current policy for FDI in e-commerce, 100% FDI is permitted in e-commerce marketplace activities. It is prohibited in inventory-based activities.
First Published: Wed, Dec 26 2018. 06 10 PM IST

Mumbai Seismic Zone Map

Image result for mumbai seismic zone

Seismic Zoning Map of India

Mumbai Seismic Zone Map

interesting news







Mumbai’s eastern suburbs most vulnerable to earthquakes, finds IIT-Bombay study

BMC-IIT study: A fault line at Panvel, 18 km to Mumbai’s east, is still active and this poses the threat to areas nearby

mumbai Updated: Apr 13, 2017 15:11 IST
Tanushree Venkatraman
Tanushree Venkatraman
Hindustan Times
Earthquake,Mumbai quake,BMC
IIT Bombay and civic agency’s study will help disaster management planning in Mumbai.(HT File Photo)
The risk of an earthquake striking is greater in Mumbai’s eastern localities such as Shivaji Nagar, Govandi, Ghatkopar, Bhandup, Powai, Vikhroli, Vidyavihar and Mulund. This is because a fault line or fracture in the earth’s crust, which ups the chances of an earthquake, runs from Panvel, 18 km to the city’s east, all the way north to Koparkhairne and Bhiwandi.
These areas were identified after a study by a team from the Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay (IIT-B) showed that the fault line in Panvel is still active. As part of the study, the IIT-B team of two professors and two students measured the potential impact of an earthquake measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale on the city.
They found that Mumbai’s east, which is closer to Panvel, is more likely to be affected than the west and the island city.
“As the Panvel fault is still very prominent, its effect on the city cannot be ruled out. For an effective disaster management plan for the city, detailed information is key,” said Ravi Sinha, professor of civil engineering at IIT-B, who was part of the study.
The study also found that in 1618, close to 20,000 people lost their lives after an earthquake struck Mumbai, which at the time had a population of just 2 lakh.
Sinha said the longer the gap between two earthquakes, the higher will be the impact.
The study spanning two years was commissioned by the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation, which spent Rs23 lakh on the first-of-its-kind initiative so as to put in place a disaster management plan for these areas.
The BMC has divided the city into 7,700 grids of 250 sqm each. These grids have been overlaid on a Mumbai map that has details of hospitals, open plots, schools and shelters in every locality.
This will help the disaster management department during rescue operations (see box).
“We are working to modernise the entire disaster response system so that we can improve our response time and the quality of response when an emergency hits,” civic chief Ajoy Mehta told HT.
The department is also creating a detailed response plan in which it will list the number of beds in every hospital, the facilities available at police stations, fire stations and government offices, among others, to ensure minimum damage and loss of life during an earthquake.



'City falls in moderate seismic zone' | Mumbai News - Times of India


https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/mumbai/City-falls...seismic-zone/.../1257119.cm...

'City falls in moderate seismic zone' | Mumbai News - Times of India


https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com › City News › Mumbai News

Oct 9, 2005 - MUMBAI: While areas in the Himalayan belt are more likely to experience major earthquakes as they lie in seismic zone 5, the country's financial capital lies in the moderate seismic zone 3 which can experience quakes up to 6.5 on the Richter scale.


1524 A.D. - Off the coast of Dabhol, Maharashtra.
A large tsunami
(15) caused considerable alarm to the Portuguese fleet who were assembled off the coast of Dabhol (15), Maharashtra.

1594 A.D. - Matheran area, Maharashtra.
19.10 N, 73.20 E (1)
Maximum observed intensity IV (1). This region lies to the east of Mumbai and to the south-east of Kalyan. It is the earliest reported earthquake from this region.
26 May 1618 - Mumbai area, Maharashtra.
18.90 N, 72.90 E (1)
Maximum observed intensity IX (9). This is the most damaging earthquake known to date in or near the Mumbai area. 2,000 fatalities are blamed on this event. The exact location and magnitude of this earthquake are still unclear.
1678 A.D. - Matheran area, Maharashtra.
19.10 N, 73.20 E (1)
Maximum observed intensity VI (1). This region lies to the east of Mumbai and to the south-east of Kalyan.

09 December 1751 - Vangani-Matheran area, Maharashtra.
19.10 N, 73.20 E (1)
Maximum observed intensity VI (1). This region lies to the east of Mumbai and to the south-east of Kalyan.

05 January 1752 - Badlapur-Neral area, Maharashtra.
19.10 N, 73.30 E (8)
Maximum observed intensity V (8). This region lies to the east of Mumbai and to the south-east of Kalyan.

05 February 1752 - Lohagarh-Lonavala area, Maharashtra.
18.70 N, 73.40 E (8)
Maximum observed intensity V (8). This region lies to the west of Pune.

31 October 1757 - Valha-Jejuri area, Maharashtra.
18.20 N, 74.20 E (8)
Maximum observed intensity V (8). This region lies to the south-east of Pune.
1760 - Pune area, Maharashtra.
18.50 N, 73.90 E (8)
Maximum observed intensity IV (8).

17 August 1764 - Mahabaleshwar-Panchgani area, Maharashtra.
17.90 N, 73.70 E
Maximum observed intensity VII (8). Felt in western Maharashtra, at Nashik, Phaltan, Wai, Karad and Hukeri. This region lies to the south-west of Pune.

29 May 1792 - Amli-Revadanda area, Maharashtra.
18.50 N, 73.00 E (8)
Maximum observed intensity V (8). This region lies to the south of Alibag and north of Murud.
23 February 1812 - Pune area, Maharashtra.
18.50 N, 73.90 E (8)
Maximum observed intensity IV (8).
20 March 1826 - Talgaon-Kudal area, Maharashtra.
16.10 N, 73.70 E (8)
Maximum observed intensity VI (8). This region lies to the east of Malvan. This earthquake is also known as the Moze Morwade earthquake.

04 December 1832 - Ajgaon-Terekhol area, Maharashtra.
15.800 N, 73.700 E (8)
Maximum observed intensity VI (8). This earthquake is the largest event known near the state of Goa. No moderate or major earthquakes have been recorded in Goa.

26 December 1849 - Bombay Harbour, Maharashtra.
18.90 N, 72.90 E (8)
Maximum observed intensity IV 8). This region to the east of Colaba, Mumbai.
November 1854 - Bombay Harbour, Maharashtra.
18.90 N, 72.90 E (8)
Maximum observed intensity IV (8). This region to the east of Colaba, Mumbai.
18 December 1854 - Bombay Harbour, Maharashtra.
18.90 N, 72.90 E (8)
Maximum observed intensity IV (8). This region to the east of Colaba, Mumbai.
25 December 1856 - Parsipada-Kasa Khurd area, Maharashtra.
20.00 N, 73.00 E (1)
Maximum observed intensity VII (1). This region lies to the east of Tarapur and to the west of Nashik.
18 November 1863 - Nagalwadi-Julwania area, Madhya Pradesh.
21.80 N, 75.30 E
Maximum observed intensity VI (8). This region lies along the border of Maharashtra in the Khandwa area of Madhya Pradesh.
04 July 1869 - Lasalgaon-Vinchur area, Maharashtra.
20.20 N, 74.20 E (1)
Maximum observed intensity V (1). This region lies to the north-east of Nashik.
12 July 1869 - Dhule area, Maharashtra.
20.90 N, 74.80 E (1)
Maximum observed intensity V (1).
22 November 1872 - Mahadeopur-Sironcha area, Andhra Pradesh.
18.86 N, 80.10 E (9)
Maximum observed intensity VI (9). This area straddles the state border between Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.

20 July 1935 - Parsipada-Kasa Khurd area, Maharashtra, Ms 5.0 (1).
20.00 N, 73.00 E (1)
This region lies to the east of Tarapur and to the west of Nashik.

16 September 1935 - Vashi area, Maharashtra
, M? 3.0 (8).
19.10 N, 73.00 E (8)
Maximum observed intensity III 8).
14 March 1938 - Bhusawal-Sawda area, Maharashtra, Mw 6.3 (11).
21.13 N, 75.83 E, D=040.0 kms, OT=00:48:38 UTC (2)
Maximum observed intensity VII (2). This earthquake was felt over a wide region, including at Agra in the north and Mumbai in the west. Deep-seated event (11), with a focal depth (11) of 40 kilometres.
27 November 1945 - Off the Makran coast, Pakistan, Mw 8.0 (14)
24.500 N, 63.000 E, D=025.0 kms, OT=21:56 UTC (14)
At least 2000 people killed in southern Pakistan and neighbouring Iran. Tsunamis with heights of 12 meters struck the Makran coast. Damage also occurred at Ormara. 15 people were killed by the tsunami in Mumbai.

08 April 1951 - Off the Konkan Coast, M? 6.0 (9)
18.500 N, 70.800 E, OT=20:53:08 UTC (9)
Centred in the Arabian Sea, 218 kilometres east-south-east of Mumbai, this was the largest earthquake in this part of the Arabian Sea in recent history. It was felt at Mumbai, Pune and Surat.

25 August 1957 - Lalburra-Tikari area, Madhya Pradesh, Ms 5.5 (2).
22.000 N, 80.000 E, OT=21:04:50 UTC (2)
The district of Balaghat in Madhya Pradesh and Bhandara in Maharashtra were affected. 25 fatalities are reported for this event. The epicentre of this earthquake was north of the town of Waraseoni in Madhya Pradesh and the town of Gondia in Maharashtra.
13 December 1957 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, M? 5.4 (9).
17.300 N, 73.700 E, OT=03:37:12 UTC (9)
- No Comment -

Image result for koyna dam images
04 June 1965 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, M? 5.4 (9).
17.000 N, 73.400 E, OT=03:37:12 UTC (9)
- No Comment -

25 April 1967 - Mahad-Goregaon area, Maharashtra, M? 5.6 (9).
18.260 N, 73.300 E, D=051.0 kms, OT=03:53:19 UTC (5)
This event was located on the Konkan coast, to the south-west of Pune.

13 September 1967 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, M? 6.0 (5, 9).
17.600 N, 74.000 E, D=004.0 kms, OT=06:23:32 UTC (5, 9)
Felt strongly in western Maharashtra. Some damage reported (7) in the Koyna region.

13 September 1967 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, Ms 5.5 (2).
17.400 N, 73.700 E, D=004.0 kms, OT=06:48:25 UTC (2)
Felt strongly in western Maharashtra. Some damage reported (7) in the Koyna region.

10 December 1967 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, Mw 6.5 (2).
17.450 N, 73.850 E, D=027.0 kms, OT=06:48:25 UTC (2)
200 people were killed and many villages in the Koynanagar area were severely affected. The Koyna Dam suffered some structural damage and leaks were observed in the face of the dam. Tremors were felt strongly in many towns and cities in western Maharashtra, including, Mumbai and Pune. Also felt in Goa and other parts of western and southern India.

26 September 1970 - Wai area, Maharashtra, M? 5.5 (9).
18.000 N, 74.000 E, OT=16:36:44 UTC (9)
It is located roughly 60 kilometres to the south of Pune.

17 February 1974 - Arabian Sea, M? 5.0 (8).
17.500 N, 73.100 E (8)
This event was located off the Konkan coast, to the west of Guhagar near Ratnagiri.

02 September 1980 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, Mw 5.0 (13).
17.270 N, 73.760 E, D=033.0 kms, OT=16:39:14 UTC (2)
Strongest in a series of small to moderate earthquakes from this date to the end of September 1980.

20 September 1980 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, Ms 5.2 (2).
17.260 N, 73.640 E, D=019.0 kms, OT=10:45:30 UTC (2)
Second largest event in a series of small to moderate earthquakes from this date to the end of September 1980.

14 September 1983 - Bhatsa area, Maharashtra, Mb 4.3 (2).
19.640 N, 73.540 E, D=033.0 kms, OT=21:53:41 UTC (2)
This earthquake is believed to have been induced by the Bhatsa Dam   .
Image result for Bhatsa Dam
I believe palghar earth quakes of 2018 also due to  bhatsa dam

14 November 1984 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, Mb 4.5 (2).
17.280 N, 73.960 E, D=015.0 kms, OT=11:58:20 UTC (2)
Felt strongly in western Maharashtra and as far as Belgaum, Karnataka. 2 injuries were reported (10).

12 August 1991 - Arabian Sea, Ms 4.1 (10).
18.387 E, 71.15 E, D=033.0 kms, OT=16:41:06 UTC (10)
This earthquake was centred in the Arabian Sea, roughly 138 kilometres south-southwest of Colaba, Mumbai.

18 October 1992 - Nilanga-Killari area, Maharashtra, Mb 4.3 (2).
18.100 E, 76.730 E, D=025.0 kms, OT=17:33:02 UTC (2)
Felt strongly in Latur district and many people rushed outdoors in panic. Many buildings were damaged by the tremor, which was the largest event in a swarm that was felt in the area from August to October 1992.

24 August 1993 - Arabian Sea, Mb 4.9 (2).
20.700 E, 71.440 E, D=029.0 kms, OT=17:47:30 UTC (2)
This event was located in the Gulf of Khambat, to the west of Surat, Gujarat. This earthquake was felt widely in south-eastern Gujarat and parts of coastal Maharashtra. In Gujarat, people rushed out into the open at Ankleshwar, Bardoli, Bharuch and Bulsar. It was felt strongly (MM V) at Rajula. It was also felt (MM IV) at Amreli, Bhavnagar and Surat. In Maharashtra, it was felt (MM III) in Mumbai. Reports of tremors were received from Bandra, Chembur, Juhu, Kandivili and Prabhadevi. The shock was perceived over an area with a radius of 250 kilometres.

28 August 1993 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, Mb 4.8 (2).
17.240 N, 73.730 E, D=005.0 kms, OT=04:26:24 UTC (2)
Felt in western Maharashtra, including at Mumbai and Pune. 10 school students were injured in a stampede that broke out in their school in Ichalkaranji. Slight damage was reported for this tremor.

30 September 1993 - Killari area, Maharashtra, Mw 6.2 (10)
18.090 N, 76.470 E, OT=22:25:50 UTC (2)
Among the deadliest intraplate earthquakes on record. Close to 8,000 people were killed and thousands injured in the pre-dawn earthquake. Many villages in the epicentral area, around Killari were razed to the ground. 55 people were killed in the neighbouring state of Karnataka, in Gulbarga district. Strong tremors were experienced at Hyderabad, Pune and Mumbai and across much of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Goa. Tremors were felt as far as Chennai.

08 December 1993 - Chandoli area, Maharashtra, Mw 5.1 (13).
17.000 N, 73.650 E, D=032.0 kms, OT=01:42:17 UTC (2)
1 elderly woman died of a heart attack and 6 were injured in this early morning quake. It was felt very strongly all over western Maharashtra and Goa for close to 20 seconds. Moderate damage was reported in several villages in the epicentral area.

01 February 1994 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, Mb 5.0
17.228 N, 73.523 E, OT=09:30:55 UTC (10)
1 person hospitalised for shock in the Pimpri-Chinchwad area. Tremors were felt for close to 18 seconds in western Maharashta and in Goa and Karnataka.

14 December 1995 - Killari area, Maharashtra, ML 4.6 (4)
18.131 N, 76.543 E, D=010.0 kms, OT=04:09:32 UTC (4)
Felt in widely in the Marathwada area of Maharashtra. 10-12 wall collapses were reported from the Umarga area of Dharashiv (Osmanabad) district. Many houses in Ausa, Ganjankhed, Haregaon, Mangrul, Nandurga, Nimbala, Nilanga, Renapur, Sirsi Police Lines and Talni developed cracks.

31 May 1998 - Koparpada-Naude area, Maharashtra, ML 3.6
19.040 N, 73.110 E, OT=13:29 UTC (4)
This earthquake was the first instrumented event in this general area. Tremors were felt in Thane (MM IV-V) and at Dombivili, Kalyan, Kulgaon and Mumbra. Mild tremors (MM III-IV) were experienced in Mumbai at Borivali, Chembur, Dahisar, Juhu, Malad, Mira Road, Santa Cruz and Wadala as well as in south Mumbai.

12 March 2000 - Koyna are, Maharashtra, Mw 5.0
17.244 N, 73.707 E, D=05.0 kms, OT=18:03:52 UTC
A moderate earthquake struck the Koyna region in Maharashtra, India, on 12 March 2000 at 23:33 PM local time resulting in some damage to property in the Koyna-Warna region of Maharashtra. It had a magnitude of Mw=5.0 and was felt for close to 28-seconds in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa.

19 June 2000 - Killari area, Maharashtra, ML 4.6 (4)
18.008 N, 76.532 E, OT=08:22 UTC (4)
Felt in Marathwada, Maharashtra. Also felt at Solapur in Maharashtra and Gulbarga in Karnataka.

05 September 2000 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, Mw 5.2
17.332 N, 73.790 E, D=010.0 kms, OT=00:32:43 UTC
A moderate earthquake struck the Koyna region in Maharashtra, India, on 5 September 2000 at 06:02 AM local time resulting in some damage to property in the districts of Kolhapur, Pune, Ratnagiri, Satara and Sangli in Maharashtra. It had a magnitude of Mw=5.2 and was felt for close to 47-seconds in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa.

16 November 2001 - Airoli area, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, ML 2.9
19.155 N, 73.007 E, OT=20:08:39 UTC
A mild earthquake struck parts of Thane and Mumbai districts, on 16 November 2001 at 01:38 AM local time. It had a magnitude of ML=2.9 and was felt distinctly in parts of both districts.

27 March 2003 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, ML 4.1
17.379 N, 73.803 E, D=015.0 kms, OT=06:18:25 UTC
A light earthquake struck the Koyna-Warna region in Maharashtra, India, on 27 March 2003 at 11:48 AM local time causing minor damage to property in Patan taluka. The earthquake had a magnitude of ML=4.1 and was felt in parts of western Maharashtra. A milder foreshock at 10:36 AM resulted in one death at Sayyedwadi in Ratnagiri district.

27 July 2003 - Sindvani area, Maharashtra, ML 3.8
21.878 N, 74.341 E, D=020.0 kms, OT=04:35:33 UTC
A mild earthquake struck the border areas of the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat on 27 July 2003 at 10:05 AM local time. It caused some minor damage in the region and had a magnitude of ML=3.8.

17 May 2004 - Katraj-Dive Ghats, Pune, ML 3.2
18.365 N, 73.936 E, D=08.3 kms, OT=22:14:41 UTC
A mild earthquake was felt in the Pune metropolitan area in Maharashtra, on 17 May 2004 at 03:44 AM local time. The earthquake had a magnitude of ML=3.2 and was centred in the Dive-Katraj range between the Dive & Katraj Ghats to the south of the Pune urban area.

14 March 2005 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, ML 5.1
17.139 N, 73.687 E, D=25.0 kms, OT=15:13:45 UTC
A moderate earthquake struck western Maharashtra as well as adjoining areas of Goa and northern Karnataka on the afternoon of 14 March 2005 and lasted nearly 30-seconds. It had a magnitude of ML=5.1. It caused damage in the Chandoli-Koyna-Warna region and resulted in at least 46 minor injuries. Another tremor of Mb=4.3 tremor occurred the following day. 

13 April 2005 - Marathwada, Maharashtra, ML 4.0
18.66 N, 76.60 E, OT=06:07:03 UTC
A light earthquake struck the Marathwada region in Maharashtra, India, on 13 April 2005 at 11:37 AM local time causing minor damage to property in the region.

14 June 2005 - Ambarnath region, Maharashtra, Mw 3.7
19.238 N, 73.201 E, D=2 kms, OT=12:16:12 UTC
A mild earthquake struck the Titvala region near Mumbai, Maharashtra, on 14 June 2005 at 17:46 PM local time. It had a magnitude of Mw=3.7 and was felt in many towns in the region as well as in suburban Mumbai.

30 August 2005 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, Mb 4.7
17.070 N, 73.770 E, D=10.0 kms, OT=08:53:20 UTC
A light earthquake struck the Koyna-Warna region in Maharashtra, India, on 30 August 2005 at 02:23 AM local time causing minor damage to property in Patan taluka. The earthquake had a magnitude of Mb=4.7 and was felt in parts of western Maharashtra, north Karnataka and Goa.

4 January 2006 - Marathwada region, Maharashtra, ML 3.5
18.222 N, 76.392 E, D=7.1 kms, OT=11:01:33 UTC
A mild earthquake struck the Marathwada region in Maharashtra, India, on 4 January 2006 at 16:31 PM local time. It had a magnitude of ML=3.5 and was felt strongly in some parts of the region.

17 April 2006 - Koyna area, Maharashtra, Mb 4.4
17.003 N, 73.797 E, D=35.0 kms, OT=16:40:02 UTC
A light earthquake struck the Koyna-Warna region in Maharashtra, India, on 17 April 2006 at 22:10 PM local time causing minor damage to property in Patan taluka. The earthquake had a magnitude of Mb=4.4 and was felt at many places in western Maharashtra, north Karnataka and Goa.

31 March 2007 - Nanded region, Maharashtra
An earthquake swarm accompanied by loud explosion-like reports began to be felt in the town of Nanded and the adjoining areas on 31 March 2007 local time. Minor damage and a few injuries were reported as a result of the tremors in Nanded.

6 June 2007 - Katraj-Khadakwasla region, Pune, Maharashtra, M2.6
OT=07:48 UTC
A mild earthquake was felt in the Pune metropolitan area in Maharashtra, on 6 June 2007 at 13:18 PM local time. The earthquake had a magnitude of M?=2.6 and was felt in parts of the Pune metropolitan area. Officials at the Meteorological Department also suggested the possibility that this might have been the result of underground tunneling work that is underway in the apparent epicentral region and not of seismic origin.

21 August 2007 - Warna-Koyna region, Maharashtra, ML 4.0
17.170 N, 73.770 E, D=5.0 kms, OT=19:15:51 UTC
A light earthquake occurred in Koyna-Warna (Chandoli) region of south-western Maharashtra on 21 August 2007 at 00:45 AM local time and caused minor damage in the epicentral region. The earthquake had a magnitude of ML=4.0 and was felt in several parts of the region including as far as the Pune region to the north.

6 September
2007 - Marathwada, Maharashtra, ML 4.1
18.057 N, 76.535 E, D=10.0 kms, OT=07:09:44 UTC
A light earthquake occurred in Marathwada region of south-central Maharashtra on 6 September 2007 at 12:39 PM local time and caused panic as well as minor damage in the epicentral region. The earthquake had a magnitude of ML=4.1 and was felt in parts of south-central Maharashtra and in north Karnataka.

30 July
2008 - Koyna region, Maharashtra Mb=4.3
17.324 N, 73.747 E, D=3.2 kms, OT=19:11:01 UTC
A light earthquake (M4.0-4.9 termed as light) occurred in the Koyna (Koynanagar-Helwak area) region of south-western Maharashtra on 30 July 2008 at 00:41 AM local time. The earthquake centred in the Gokul-Waghini area had a magnitude of Mb=4.3 causing some damage, minor injuries and was felt in several parts of the region including as far as Mumbai & Nashik.


16 September
2008 - Koyna region, Maharashtra Mb=4.9
17.289 N, 73.815 E, D=10 kms, OT=21:47:15 UTC
A light earthquake (M4.0-4.9 termed as light) occurred in the Koyna region of south-western Maharashtra on 17 September 2008 at 03:17 AM local time. The earthquake centred in the Koyna-Warna area had a magnitude of Mb=4.9 and caused widespread damage in the epicentral region and at least one death near Pune. The shock was felt for over 45-seconds in much of western Maharashtra, Goa and north Karnataka, even as far south as Bengaluru.





Maximum observed intensity IV (1). This region lies to the east of Mumbai and to the south-east of Kalyan. It is the earliest reported earthquake from this region.

Related news from geological survey of India on Western Deccan Volcanic region

Lava Channel of Khedrai Dam, Northeast of Nasik in Western Deccan ...


Image result for Lava Channel of palghar

Lava Channel of Khedrai Dam, Northeast of Nasik in Western Deccan Volcanic ... lava tubes and extensive flow field during the 1991993 eruption of Mount Etna.
 It is interesting to note that most of the rock cut caves reported from Maharashtra, in Deccan Volcanic Province are from pāhoehoe flows. ... Lava caves are known to have served as homes and temporary shelters throughout history and are significant archaeological sites.

Lava channel - Wikipedia




A lava channel is a stream of fluid lava contained within marginal zones of static (i.e., solid and stationary) lava or lava levees. The initial channel may not .
 

The genesis of a lava cave in the Deccan ... - Scholar Commons



by NR Pawar - ‎2015 - ‎Related articles
Deccan Volcanic Province; speleology; drained lobe; lava cave. Received 14 June ..... channel of Khedrai Dam, Northeast of Nasik in Western. Deccan volcanic ..

Erosion helps discover lava cave at Somatne | Pune News - Times of ...



Dec 24, 2015 - TNN | Dec 24, 2015, 09:19 IST ... The cave, they say, was formed by draining of a segment of lava tube ... Ghoradeshwar already has Buddhist sculpted caves carved in lava ... paper titled 'The genesis of a lava cave in the Deccan Volcanic', ... Nikhil Pawar, a student of geography department at Nowrosjee

The volcanic geoheritage of the Elephanta Caves, Deccan Traps ...



India cut caves in Deccan basalt on the island of Elephanta, in the Mumbai ... and or the history of science, or can be used for research, teaching, squeeze-ups, ...

Deccan Traps - Wikipedia


Image result for The genesis of a lava cave in the Deccan

Jump to History - History. The Deccan Traps began forming 66.25 million years ago, at the end of the Cretaceous period. The bulk of the volcanic eruption occurred at the Western Ghats some 66 million years ago. This series of eruptions may have lasted less than 30,000 years in total.




















Mumbai water transport Hovercraft no success; water taxi; ?😉

You can soon use a water taxi to commute from Mumbai to Navi Mumbai

You can soon use a water taxi to commute from Mumbai to Navi Mumbai

The new service planned by Mumbai Port Trust (MbPT) will run from Bhaucha Dhakka to Belapur, Nerul, and Mandva

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In order to strengthen Mumbai’s transport system, the state government has decided to boost water transport. In a recent announcement, Mumbai Port Trust (MbPT) has decided to launch a water taxi with an aim to reduce the one and half hour travel time from Mumbai to Navi Mumbai. Port Trust chairperson informed Sanjay Bhatia, Chairperson and added that this taxi will run from Bhaucha Dhakka to Belapur, Nerul, and Mandva.
As Mumbai is surrounded by water, MbPT has decided to make the most of it. In order to change the scenario, MbPT is focusing on both the cruise and the water taxi service, for which tenders have been invited. According to senior officials, three companies have expressed interest and very soon, the tenders will be finalised.

The seating capacity of water taxi, rates of the same will be decided once tenders are finalised. Initially, water taxi service will be launched between Gateway of India and Elephanta. Meanwhile, the same service will start from Bhaucha Dhakka to Navi Mumbai Airport, Bhaucha Dhakka to Mandva and Bhaucha Dhakka to Belapur/Nerul,” said Sanjay Bhatia.
MbPT officials said that a new jetty is also being constructed nearby Navi Mumbai airport after which introducing water taxi would be easier.

Mahindra and Mahindra launches a hovercraft service in Mumbai




Nov 30, 1996 - Speed a Boat: The Mahindra and Mahindra company in collaboration with SICOM, IL&FS and CIDCO have launched a hovercraft service in ..


Jan 12, 2016 - The Belapur district of Mumbai, India, is home to an abandoned hovercraft graveyard where lie the remains of two defunct craft - Triton-I and ...


The Abandoned Hovercraft Graveyard in Belapur, India

abandoned-hovercraft-Belapur-India-2 (Images: Chris Searle; the abandoned hovercraft graveyard in Belapur; above: derelict Triton-II craft)
Urban Ghosts writer Deb Kelly featured this intriguing hovercraft graveyard in our popular recent article covering Abandoned Ferries, Ocean Liners, Cruise Ships and (you guessed it) Hovercraft. But we were so taken with the rusting retro-futuristic air-cushion vehicles that we decided they deserved another mention.
Sitting in their derelict hoverport, the abandoned hovercraft carcasses are those of Triton-I and Triton-II, British-built vessels operated by a company of the same name, which, according to Wikimapia, was a joint-venture between Mahindra Group, CIDCO, IL&FS and SICOM. Unfortunately the venture became tangled in red tape and undelivered guarantees, despite a strong passenger market.
abandoned-hovercraft-Belapur-India
Hovercraft services began in 1996, ferrying more than a thousand passengers each day between Chowpatty Beach and the Juhu suburb of Mumbai, the most populace city in India. But though the government allocated a landing zone at Free Press Journal Marg at Nariman Point, other jetties and access roads to beach landing facilities never materialised.
The troubled hovercraft service’s woes intensified when local fishermen began anchoring their boats in the path of the Triton vessels, obstructing them from entering or leaving their landing zone. Despite successful sea trials, bureaucacy, insufficient infrastructure and local opposition all combined to deal the final blow to the promising venture. Others have maintained that the high cost of the venture also played a part.
abandoned-hovercraft-Belapur-India-3
The service was officially terminated in April 1998, its hovercraft abandoned on dry land. Despite having only been built in 1992, the defunct Griffon 4000TD vessels, which were capable of carrying 50 passengers each, have been left to the mercy of the elements for the best part of two decades. There they remained, their neglected Belapur landing zone transformed into a de facto hovercraft graveyard. (Update: it’s understood the air-cushion vehicles may now have been broken up for scrap as a new service was poised to take their place.)


Abandoned 50-passenger hovercraft at Belapur - Navi Mumbai




Abandoned 50-passenger hovercraft at Belapur These two British-made ... were owned and operated by Triton -- a 1996 joint-venture between the Mahindra Group,... ... Triton that they would provide jetties and access roads on the beaches.

Bombay Photo Images[ Mumbai]: HOVERCRAFT WATER ...



Nov 29, 2012 - Hovercraft at juhu beach , bombay mumbai , maharashtra , india ... For the hovercraft service to be really attractive, a Ro-Ro (roll on and roll off with ... Services began in November 1996 using these two 1992 model Griffon .... TO AN ABRUPT END FOLLOWING A FIRE WHILE AT SEA ,NEAR SHORE ,BUT ...


HOVERCRAFT WATER TRANSPORT IN MUMBAI

 

 HISTORY OF HOVERCRAFT WATER TRANSPORT IN MUMBAI

A hovercraft service ran briefly between Navi Mumbai and the Gateway of India in 1992-93 but had to shut down because of problems. In 2005, there was an attempt to revive the project and Metro Infrastructure and IIT-Powai were appointed as consultants, but the project did not take off.

 

Hovercraft at juhu beach , bombay mumbai , maharashtra , india1992

Hovercraft at juhu beach , bombay mumbai , maharashtra , india
Caption: Hovercraft at juhu beach , bombay mumbai , maharashtra , india. Image Code: DPA-MMN-85510. Photographer: Dinodia. Collection: Dinodia Photo. Rights Managed
 Several years ago, water transport from Navi Mumbai to Mumbai had to be stopped due to denial of landing point by the Mumbai Port Trust (MbPT). Cidco then shelved the project. The Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation (MSRDC) was later asked to execute the project. Currently, it has invited expressions of interest to revive the project that aims to connect Ferry Wharf to Nerul.
 
As a viable and attractive alternative to Mumbai's congested roadways, air-conditioned hovercraft service has several advantages.


Distance between Borivli and Nariman Point 55 km

Time between Borivli and Nariman Point 50 min (half of what it takes today)

Cost of one way ticket Rs 130

Passenger capacity 100-300

Days of year the service can run 300


For the hovercraft service to be really attractive, a Ro-Ro (roll on and roll off with vehicles) option would be the best. It will also cut down the congestion on the roadways. This is not being considered currently.


The past has not been so rosy for this service. Vashi to Gateway of India service was started in 1994, but was suspended due to lack of jetties, support from the government. What is required is permanent set of jetties along with a terminal.

Abandoned 50-passenger hovercraft at Belapur (New Mumbai)

  http://wikimapia.org/16652070/Abandoned-50-passenger-hovercraft-at-Belapur

India / Maharashtra / Panvel / New Mumbai
  hovercraft
These two British-made hovercraft named Triton-I and Triton-II, were owned and operated by Triton -- a 1996 joint-venture between the Mahindra Group, CIDCO, IL&FS and SICOM. Triton had only two craft. The one registered as VTZW was named Triton-I and VTZV was named Triton-II.

Services began in November 1996 using these two 1992 model Griffon 4000TD, 50-passenger twin diesel hovercraft.

They ferried 1,000 passengers a day, regularly on a 30-minute trip between Juhu and Chowpatty beach.

The government had guaranteed Triton that they would provide jetties and access roads on the beaches. However, even two years later, these facilities were non-existent. The government alloted Triton a plot of land to land the hovercraft at Free Press Journal Marg at Nariman Point. Trial runs, ran successfully. However, local fisherfolk obstructed the hovercraft by anchoring their boats in the path of the craft.
To add to that The BMC demolished Triton's booth at Nariman Point.

The service, originally intended to run between Nariman Point and Juhu beach was truncated to terminate at Chowpatty.

The last hovercraft plied between Chowpatty and Juhu beach in April 1998.
After a lengthy monsoon break, the service was killed off. It had made losses of Rs. 1.5 crore per year.
Coordinates:   19°0'51"N   73°2'33"E
Nearby cities: PARSIK HILL, KAMOTHE SEC 12 , Juinagar

Comments

  • ramrao wrote 1 year ago
    These hovercraft traveled only from Juhu to Chowpatty, while the service was alive. How did they happen to be abandoned at Belapur?
  • ramrao wrote 2 years ago
    Original text and photographs by B. J. Ram Rao [dob:1-Dec-1957]. Stored here for future reference. These two British-made hovercraft named Triton-I and Triton-II, were owned and operated by Triton -- a 1996 joint-venture between the Mahindra Group, CIDCO, IL&FS and SICOM. Triton had only two craft. The one registered as VTZW was named Triton-I and VTZV was named Triton-II. Services began in November 1996 using these two 1992 model Griffon 4000TD, 50-passenger twin diesel hovercraft. They ferried 1,000 passengers a day, regularly on a 30-minute trip between Juhu and Chowpatty beach. The government had guaranteed Triton that they would provide jetties and access roads on the beaches. However, even two years later, these facilities were non-existent. The government alloted Triton a plot of land to land the hovercraft at Free Press Journal Marg at Nariman Point. Trial runs, ran successfully. However, local fisherfolk obstructed the hovercraft by anchoring their boats in the path of the craft. To add to that The BMC demolished Triton's booth at Nariman Point. The service, originally intended to run between Nariman Point and Juhu beach was truncated to terminate at Chowpatty. The last hovercraft plied between Chowpatty and Juhu beach in April 1998. After a lengthy monsoon break, the service was killed off. It had made losses of Rs. 1.5 crore per year. 

    Hovercraft rider: Rs 300 for 45-minute zip from North Mumbai to Nariman Point

      |
    Print
    Swapnil Rawal : MUmbai, Tue Sep 28 2010, 00:04 hrs

    Once the inland passenger water transport project is complete, hovercraft and catamarans will carry commuters from North Mumbai to Nariman Point in 45 minutes, but it will come up at a price, a one-way ticket ranging between Rs 300 to Rs 350.
    The Rs 1,200-crore project that has been on the drawing boards since 2002 envisages linking the western waterfront from Nariman Point to Borivali with PWT terminals at Bandra, Juhu, Versova and Marve.
    "Working out the fares is in the scope of work of the concessionaire (the Pratibha Industries Ltd-led consortium) though they will have to get approval from us," said an official with nodal agency Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation.
    "We are currently awaiting clearance from the cabinet sub committee on the project before issuing the letter of acceptance. But the fares would be less than the taxi fare per kilometre."
    A representative of the consortium said the fare works out to Rs 12 per kilometre "as of today". "For endpoint-to-endpoint travel it should cost around Rs 300 to Rs 350. The rates are still not finalised, this is a preliminary estimate. Once the LoA is issued we will present it to MSRDC and discuss it," said Raju Bansode of Pratibha Industries, who is in charge of the project.
    Bansode acknowledged that the higher the fares, the lower the likely ridership. "The fare may be reduced for a longer trip. We are making a lot of investment on the infrastructure of terminals, vessels etc, so low ridership will not be in the larger interest of the project."
    The most used mode of transport on the same route, suburban trains, is saturated. Buses, taxis and even private vehicles have to struggle through the traffic and take around two-and-a-half hours for the journey.
    The objective of the project, when floated, was to complement the suburban rail network. For the same distance, a second-class monthly season ticket costs Rs 140, but it comes with a jampacked one-hour ride.
    "The catamarans and hovercraft will be airconditioned as will the terminals at various locations as per the conditions of the government. It would be a world-class travel experience," Bansode said.

    Mumbai Water-Ways : Making In-Roads in Waters

    29 December 2008 One Comment
    The Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation (MSRDC) has made yet another move to kickstart water transport for the eastern and western fronts of Mumbai.
    A few years ago, hovercraft services were available between Chowpatty and Juhu on the western front and Gateway of India to Vashi and Belapur in Navi Mumbai. A few experiments were conducted to provide hovercraft services till Mulund too.
    hovercraft Mumbai Water Ways : Making In Roads in Waters
    But the unorganised efforts of companies did not yield results. The MSRDC has been planning to shape up the proposal. Its last attempt was caught in a legal wrangle and the company shortlisted for the task was not financially viable.
    This time around, the MSRDC wants to formulate a concrete plan with all-weather crafts. As the MSRDC is seeking companies with good financial backgrounds, the officials have called for proposals with a deposit of Rs 3 crore for the western suburbs and Rs 2 crore for the eastern suburbs. The project will be implemented on Build Operate and Transfer basis. The companies will have to design, finance, construct, monitor, operate, maintain and transfer the project. The final proposals have to reach the MSRDC office by March 7, 2009.
    mumbaiwaterwaysmsrdc Mumbai Water Ways : Making In Roads in Waters
    On the western front, the MSRDC wants to connect the central business district of Nariman Point with Gorai, with stoppages at Chowpatty, Bandra and Andheri. On the eastern side, the authorities plan to connect the Gateway of India with Navi Mumbai and Mulund. This will save travel time too.
    Ideally, the government must have a 49% stake in the project, since most of these crafts are expensive and the companies operating them will charge a hefty amount. The whole idea may lose effectivity in case pricing is incorrrect. The government needs to construct better jetties and can earn by putting up shops along them.
    MSRDC’s founder-managing director R C Sinha who shaped the flyovers for the city said, “The corporation must study the proposal and its feasibility or it would turn into something like the Worli-Bandra project (where costs are increasing each month.)’’
    The Maharashtra Maritime Board was to start the construction of jetties at Gorai, but that has been slow-moving.
    Corporation sources said they have the permission from the environment and forest ministry but the eastern front plan was yet to get the final nod. Following the terror attacks, the department of atomic energy is also likely to put forward its objections as the BARC falls en route.
    THE HOVER CRAFT SERVICE BETWEEN JUHU AND CHOWPATTY CAME TO AN 
    ABRUPT END FOLLOWING
     A FIRE WHILE AT SEA ,
    NEAR SHORE ,BUT WITHOUT ANY CASUALITY 
    IN 1998.It had made losses of Rs. 1.5 crore per year. 

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