Monday, January 31, 2011

[jumma-masjid-bombay] Bombay. Bookmark and Share Old Friday Mosque in Bombay. The Jama Masjid is a mosque in the Kalbadevi neighborhood, near Crawford Market in the South Mumbai region of Mumbai, India. This card is by the German painter and lithographer P. Gerhardt, about whom little is known except that he worked as one of the German's who ran the Ravi Varma lithographic press in PUNE

[hornby-road] Hornby Road Bookmark and Share A major Mumbai traffic artery during the Raj Hornby Road is named after a late 18th century Governor of Mumbai (then Bombay).


The pier across the Taj Hotel where the Gateway to India now stands Apollo Bunder is a commercial district near the Gateway of India, which was built here in 1911.

[india-mumbai-marine] Bombay. Bookmark and Share Mumbai's scenic and breezy Marine Drive curves along the coast. Stretching from Chowpatty Beach to Nariman Point, Marine Drive is one of the most famous views in Mumbai. This card was printed in Germany but published by an American firm.

Municipal Hall, Bombay. Bookmark and Share The Municipal Corporation building has a 255 feet tall tower This imposing structure, also known as Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) was completed in 1893. Across the street from VT Station, it is an example of the unique Indo-Sarcenic and Gothic

[parsi-marriage] Parsi Marriage Procession, Bombay. Bookmark and Share Parsi marriage celebrations are divided into three parts: pre-wedding rituals, wedding day ceremonies and post wedding rituals Parsi wedding rituals come to an end with a lavish post wedding reception with good music good music, wine and dining. This wedding image was made around 1900.

Bombay. General View from Clock Tower. Bookmark and Share Mumbai Clock Tower, also called the Rajabhai Clock Tower, is 85 feet tall [Original caption] General View, from Clock Tower. Bombay is without doubt a prosperous city. The houses are large, handsome and well-built, the gardens well-laid out and cared for while the [View More]

[matunga-scene] A Village Scene, Matunga, Bombay Bookmark and Share A busy day at a village in Matunga, Mumbai (Bombay) Matunga is a suburb of Mumbai. As many South Indians, particularly Tamil Brahmins, live here now, Matunga is often called "mini Madras". Matunga is a suburb of Mumbai. As many South Indians, particularly Tamil Brahmins, live here now, Matunga is often called "mini Madras".

Pydownie Masjid, Bombay. Bookmark and Share Minara Masjid on Mohammed Ali Road, formerly called the Pydownie Masjid, is busy during Ramadan celebrations A food market is just outside the Minara Mosque. During the month of fasting, people congregate here to pray and break their fast. A food market is just outside the Minara Mosque. During the month of fasting, people congregate here to pray and break their fast.

Gateway of India, Mumbai Bookmark and Share A triumphal arch erected to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary in 1911 The Gateway of India is on the Arabian Sea waterfront in South Mumbai. It is one of the most popular places in the city. In the back is the Taj Hotel, in front ferries to the Elephanta Caves.

[mumbai-station] Bombay Victoria Terminus Bookmark and Share The World Heritage Committee of UNESCO nominated Victoria Terminus as a World Heritage Site on July 2, 2004 Victoria Terminus, also called Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) exemplifies Victorian Gothic architecture. The construction of Victoria Terminus started during 1888 and continued over a period of 10 years. The British architect F. W. Stevens designed the structure which is abbreviated to VT by most [View More] current city residents despite being renamed in honor of the founder of the Marathi empire.

[waterloo-mansions] Hotel Majestic & Waterloo Mansions, Bombay Bookmark and Share Early Gothic architectural structures in Mumbai (Bombay) Typical characteristics of Gothic architecture like large windows and pointed arches are visible in Hotel Majestic & Waterloo Mansions, Mumbai (Bombay). This structure in South Bombay was frequently photographed

A Village Scene Bookmark and Share Mumbai is the commercial capital of India A considerable portion of Mumbai's population still lives in rural areas like Karad, Ratnagiri, Chiplun and Sangli. Most of the villages of Mumbai are well connected with the city but illiteracy and [View More]

Bombay Native Bazaar Bookmark and Share The markets of Mumbai offer a wide range of goods, from clothes and handicrafts to antique articles and books. Mumbai is a major shopping center. Today Zaveri Bazaar attracts those looking for diamond, silver and gold jewelery while Chor (Thieves) Bazaar is the place for antique collectors. In fact, the bazaars of Mumbai showcase the vibrant and ethnically diverse faces of the city, and have done so since the city

Bombay View Bookmark and Share Bombay is the anglicized name of the original Portuguese word "Bombaim" Mumbai, fomerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra. This view of what was known as the Queen's Necklace, or Marine Drive, was made by an early German lithographer attached to the Ravi Varma Press, founded in the city in 1895.

A Bombay Butler.-1910

[lord-reay] Statue of Lord Reay, Bombay-1910

Bombay, From Harbour.-1910

Bombay. General Post Office-1910

[plague-hospital] Plague Hospital-1910

[yacht-club] Royal Bombay Yatch Club-1910

Jewish Priest Bookmark and Share Image from F.M. Coleman's, Typical Pictures of Indian Natives, Being Reproductions from Specially Prepared Hand-Coloured Photographs with Descriptive Letterpress, published in Bombay and London, 1897


[malabar-beach] Malabar Point. Bombay.1905-CHOWPATY BEACH

[kaiser-i-hind] P. & O. S.S. Kaiser-i-Hind 11,400 tons, 16,000 Hores-Power, at the Anchorage, Bombay.-1910

The Victoria Docks, Bombay.1910

[arab-ship] An Arab Ship, Bombay Harbour-1910

[municipal-buildings] Municipal Buildings Bombay 1889-PAINTING MADE AT RAVI VARMA PRESS NEAR PUNE(POONA)

Mohuram Festival, Bombay-1905

Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, Bombay 1905 Bookmark and Share

A Postman, Bombay 1905 Bookmark and Share

Bombay Police-Mumbai 1910

Parsee Tower of Silence, Bombay 1905 - Bookmark and Share

Bird's-Eye View (Bombay)-1910

[elphinstone-circle] Elphinstone Bombay-1880 -A HORSE PULLED OMNIBUS CAN BE SEEN


Sheik Memon Street (Native Town), Bombay -19 TH CENTURY PHOTO

1880 Railway - an old man squatting with arms around sheepskin[BHISTI] of water

A wealthy [British] Indian merchant's home; man and woman at dining table served by turbanned natives 1880--HAND PULLED MAT PUNKAH(HAND POWERED FAN)SEEN ABOVE

[Bombay kothi].1872

The fort, palace and principal entrance. Gwalior.1890

[Group of Boras, Bombay].1850-JOHNSON, William

Sunday, January 30, 2011



                      FLAGS OVER AMERICA
1603 - 1775

King James of Scotland succeeded Elizabeth the First of England in 1603. To signify the union of the two lands, he designed this flag, combining the red cross symbolic of Englands' Patron Saint George (he of the dragon legend) with the white cross of Saint David of Wales and the white saltire (that's heraldry talk for a cross that's X-shaped) symbolic of Saint Andrew, Patron Saint of Scotland. This flag flew over all the English new world colonies. Note the difference from the modern Union Jack, which has added to it the red saltire of Saint Patrick for Northern Ireland.


When Henry Hudson sailed up the river that bears his name and when Manhattan was purchased for a handful of beads, this was the flag that flew overhead. The colors are the same as the Dutch national flag, and the "A" stands for the home city of Amsterdam. The other letters stand for: "Oost Indise Compagnie" or East India Company.

English East India Company c1600-1707
British East India Company 1707-1800

Image by by António Martins
English East India Company 1678

Using mercenaries to control conquered lands by private companies is not a new practice, and government hiring corporations to control colonies isn't new either. Parliament used the British East India Company to conquer and manage India, and later gave the company trade monopolies in parts of the New World to help pay them. The East India Company was expected to provide the necessary "soldiers for hire" to rule India, and profits made from exporting their Indian tea to the American Colonies helped pay for those soldiers.Boston Tea Party

Boston Tea Party


Destruction of the tea

1789 engraving of the destruction of the tea
While Samuel Adams tried to reassert control of the meeting, people poured out of the Old South Meeting House and headed to Boston Harbor. That evening, a group of 30 to 130 men, some of them thinly disguised as Mohawk Indians, boarded the three vessels and, over the course of three hours, dumped all 342 chests of tea into the water. The precise location of the Griffin's Wharf site of the Tea Party has been subject to prolonged uncertainty; a comprehensive study places it near the foot of Hutchinson Street (today's Pearl Street).

When Mohandas K. Gandhi led a mass burning of Indian registration cards in South Africa in 1908, a British newspaper compared the event to the Boston Tea Party. When Gandhi met with the British viceroy in 1930 after the Indian salt protest campaign, Gandhi took some duty-free salt from his shawl and said, with a smile, that the salt was "to remind us of the famous Boston Tea Party."