Monday, December 27, 2010


Juhu Aerodrome:-History

The aerodrome opened in 1928 as the then Vile Parle Flying Club. J. R. D. Tata, the father of civil aviation in India made India's maiden voyage from Juhu airport to Drigh Road airstrip, Karachi, via Ahmedabad, on 15 October 1932.
Gandhi on Juhu Beach 1937

The airport served as the city's sole airport till Santacruz airport, now Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport. It served as the city's airport up to and even during the 1939-45 war. Two bitumen runways were in operation and a third was planned for construction in 1939 but this never occurred.
At present, Juhu has only a single operational runway (08/26, 3750 ft/1143 m) and is run by the Airports Authority of India. It hosts a flying club with several executive and light aircraft, gliders, and a heliport to ferry Oil and Natural Gas Corporation personnel by carrier Pawan Hans to offshore oil rigs at Bombay High. The airfield is located at Juhu, an upmarket residential suburb of northwest Mumbai flanking the city's Juhu Beach along theArabian sea.
File:Tata Air Lines' Airline Timetable Image, October 1939 (exterior).jpg

The Imperial Airways 'Hanno' Hadley Page passenger airplane carries the England to India air mail, stopping in Sharjah to refuel.


Armstrong Whitworth AW-154 Argosy II - Imperial Airways | Aviation Photo  #1120384 |

Armstrong Whitworth AW-154 Argosy II ...

Armstrong Whitworth Atalanta | Revolvy

Armstrong Whitworth Atalanta | Revolvy
Armstrong Whitworth Argosy - Wikipedia
Armstrong Whitworth Argosy - Wikipedia

Armstrong Whitworth Argosy - YouTube
Armstrong Whitworth Argosy - YouTube

In 1929, Aga Khan offered through the Royal Aero Club, a special prize of £ 500 for “a solo flight
completed within six weeks from the date of starting”. The prize was to remain open for one year from
January 1930. There were three contestants – an eager JRD Tata, Man Mohan Singh, a civil engineer
graduating from Bristol who had learnt to fly in England, and ASPY Merwan Engineer, later the Chief of
the IAF. The three men set out flying single-engine, light aeroplanes with simple instruments and without radio. Man Mohan Singh took off from Croydon airport, south of London, in a Gypsy Moth
Gypsy Moth

which he
called Miss India; ASPY Engineer followed the same route while JRD Tata, also in a Gypsy Moth, started
his journey in the reverse direction. After Croydon, Man Mohan Singh flew on to Lympne, Le Bourget
(Paris), Dijon, Marseillers, Rome, Naples, Catania, Tripoli and Sirle. From Gaza, he flew eastwards to
India, with Engineer trailing a day behind. Singh finally landed at Drigh Road, Karachi on 12 May 1930,
Imperial Airways - Wikipedia
Imperial Airways - Wikipedia
Photos from 1920 to 1929 | History and Heritage | British Airways
British Airways

Cockpit of a HP-42

But one thing is significant - in all the years of operation and the millions of miles these aircraft flew not a single passenger died. There was a death in the fire in Karachi - but not a passenger.
The 1930s might seem to be a potentially dangerous time to have been an air passenger. Certainly there were more accidents for every 1,000 passengers than there are today. But a single Boeing 747 accident can kill 3 times as many people as the total of fatalities in the 1930s. The 200,000 people who flew on commercial services in 1936 evidently didn't believe they were putting themselves in mortal danger.

Peter Day

HP-42 at Cairo

They were one of the first aeroplanes in which the flying crew (pilot and assistant) were in an enclosed cabin. They were also unpressurised meaning they could not fly at more than a few thousand feet as the passengers would feel the absence of oxygen, but flying low means increased turbulence so they could be bouncy flights.

Their operation was not accident free, the Airport Society database shows 34 incidents involving the Imperial Airways aircraft all over the world - from Croydon to Cairo, Kampala to Karachi. These incidents were of varying levels of seriousness, from a wing-tip collision between two HP 42E while taxying in Khartoum, to a forced landing in the desert near Qatar leading to the complete loss of the aircraft and another that was burnt out in a fire in a hangar in Karachi.

Imperial Airways aircraft cabin, 1930s

A publicity postcard that doesn't mention the aircraft type - maybe an Armstrong Whitworth Argosy which in the interwar period constituted the fleet that maintained Imperial Airways' lunchtime service to Paris and is believed to have been the world's first named airline service.

Karachi Airport (1930)
winning the historic air race. Engineer landed the next day and, though he came second, due to a technicality,
was eventually declared the winner, which Singh accepted.
On October 15th, 1932 JRD Tata took off from Karachi to Ahmedabad and on to Bombay in a solo flight carrying postage mail. He landed at the Juhu airstrip and India's civil aviation took off. In 1946, Tata Airlines became Air India and in 1953, the company was nationalized by the Government of India.
The Armstrong Whitworth A.W.154 Argosy stemmed from a declaration by Imperial Airways that all its aircraft would be multi-engine designs, on the grounds of safety. They were intended to replace the older single-engine de Havilland aircraft that Imperial Airways had inherited from its constituent companies, mainly Daimler Airway.
The passenger cabin of an Imperial Airways Argosy, which could accommodate 18 passengers. Posing at the rear is the steward who served them a buffet lunch as part of the airline's "Silver Wing" service:
Argosies continued in service with Imperial Airways until 1935, with the last example G-AACJ City of Manchester being used for joy-riding by United Airways Ltd of Stanley Park Aerodrome (Blackpool), that was later merged into British Airways Ltd. It continued in use with British Airways until December 1936.

Argosies continued in service with Imperial Airways until 1935, with the last example, City of Manchester (G-AACJ), being used for joy-riding by United Airways Ltd of Stanley Park Aerodrome (Blackpool), which later was merged into British Airways Ltd. It continued in use with British Airways until December 1936.

Web results

April 1935 map showing Imperial Airways' routes to India, Australia and South Africa. Imperial Airways was the early British commercial long-range airline, operating from 1924 to ... Industrial troubles with the pilots delayed the start of services until 26 April 1924, when a ... "Wings of Peace (Armstrong Whitworth Argosy)".
Imperial Airways Armstrong Whitworth Argosy I G-EBLF flying over London. ... The type remained in service with Imperial Airways until 1935. ... was merged into British Airways Ltd. It continued in use with British Airways until December 1936.

Hello ladies!
Caption: Air hostesses were first introduced in Air-India way back in 1946. Beautifully tailored European dresses with caps set at a jaunty angle formed the uniform. Sari, as a uniform, was introduced when Air-India acquired its first Boeing 707 in 1960s.

 Undated picture of an air hostess welcoming a passenger alighting from a Tata Airlines airplane.


 The Sari becomes the official dress code for Air India

Picture Gallery - Air-India Collector

Ms. Vijayalaxmi Pandit about to enter an Air-India Aircraft ... Flying Club, Mrs.F.D.Petti - India's First Lady Pilot, Ms. Tata - her sister also a ... SARI-CLAD AIR HOSTESSES of Air-india greeted their colleague Glynne ... Air-India had built a concrete Boeing 707 in the airlines livery at a public park in Juhu, Bombay in the 1960s.

A call for Air India's Past Laurels ... - Airliners-India :: View topic › airlinersindia-post-85850
Air India International entered the jet age in 1960 when its first Boeing ... Those were the days when the flight attendants were called Air Hostesses. ... An AI 707 in what appears to be her earliest livery - very similar to the Super ... first made his appearance way back in 1946, when Bobby Kooka, then A-I's ...
May 1, 2010 · 40 posts · ‎10 authors

In 1932: JRD Tata prepares to take off from Karachi, on his inaugural flight carrying cargo of mail to Bo


Mumbai Heritage on Twitter: "Air hostesses were introduced in #AirIndia in  1946. Sari,as uniform, was introduces whn Air-India acquired 1st Boeing 707  in 1960…"1023 × 572

Photo Source

In 1990, JRD’s vision was finally fulfilled when Air India, in association with Indian Airlines and the Indian Air Force, created a world record by evacuating 1,11,000 people from Amman (in Jordan) to Mumbai in 59 days just before the Gulf War broke out in the Middle East. This was the “the largest evacuation effort by a single civilian airline.”

This was probably JRD’s greatest contribution to modern civil aviation in India. As he put it, “No success in material terms is worthwhile, unless it serves the needs or interests of the country and its people.”

A year after he was awarded India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, JRD Tata passed away in Geneva on November 23, 1993, at the age of 89. On his death, the parliament of India was adjourned as a tribute to JRD – a rare honour usually not given to people who are not members of the parliament.

Where was the first airport in India? - Quora

Where was the first airport in India

Tata Airmails. 1932-1946. - Aero-philately

But, for the initiative of a few people - airline development might never have got off ... In May 1933 Poona was substituted as a halt in place of Bombay due to ... Official cover flown on the first return flight from Trivandrum to Bombay ... The flights to Colombo were made by Mr Homi Bharucha in a Miles M4A Merlin VT-AHC.
File:Tata Air Services' Airline Timetable Image, 1938 (exterior).jpgFile:Tata Air Lines' Airline Timetable Image, 14 August 1938 (exterior).jpg
The beginnin
On 15 October 1932, J. R. D. Tata himself flew a single-engined De Havilland Puss Moth
carrying air mail (postal mail ofImperial Airways) from Karachi's Drigh Road Aerodrome to Bombay's Juhu Airstrip via Ahmedabad. The aircraft continued toMadras via Bellary piloted by former Royal Air Force pilot Nevill Vintcent.
de Havilland Puss Moth - Wikipedia
de Havilland Puss Moth - Wikipedia

one palm-thatched shed, one whole time pilot assisted by Tata and Vintcent, one part-time engineer and two apprentice-mechanics. Initial service included weekly airmail service with a Puss Moth aircraft between Karachi and Madras via Ahmedabad andBombay, covering over 1,300 miles. In its very first year of operation, Tata Airlines flew 160,000 miles, carrying 155 passengers and 10.71 ton of mail. In the next few years, Tata Airlines continued to rely for its revenue on the mail contract with the Government of India for carriage of surcharged mail, including a considerable quantity of overseas mail brought to Karachi by Imperial Airways. The same year,
de Havilland Leopard Moth - Wikipedia

Havilland Leopard Moth - Wikipedia

miles merlin plane for Bombay Trivandrum flight 1933
Tata Airlines launched its longest domestic flight - Mumbai toTrivandrum with a six-seater Miles Merlin.

1935 - Bombay - Travancore via Goa & Cannanore - Indian ... › 1935---bombay---travancor...
The Experimental Flight from Bombay to Trivandrum via Goa and Cannanore ... between Bombay and Trivandrum via Goa and Cannanore, using a Miles Merlin.

The first Indian lady pilot, Sarla Thakral, at 21 years of age.
4/31 Sarala Thakral - the first #Indian... - Diversity Dialogs | Facebook
Archive Country - Airmail Collector
Archive Country - Airmail Collector


K.L.M (Royal Dutch Air Lines) Douglas DC-2 (PH-AKK Koetling)
Image above right: K.L.M (Royal Dutch Air Lines) Douglas DC-2 (PH-AKK Koetling) flying over Jodhpur. K.L.M used 14-seater DC-2's in the 1930's on the Amsterdam-Batavia route with stops at Jodhpur, Allahabad and Calcutta airfields. K.L.M. started the Amsterdam-Batavia (at the time part of the Dutch East Indies) service in 1924 (non-scheduled) with a single-engined 8-seater Fokker F.VII.
Bombay Flying Club: HC asks oldest flying club to vacate Juhu airport
Bombay Flying Club: HC asks oldest ...
India Strategic ::. ther Stories: Bombay Flying Club lets dreams soar
Bombay Flying Club lets dreams soar

Bombay Flying Club on New Years Day 1931-JUHU AIRPORT
Bombay Flying Club to be a heritage site
Bombay Flying Club to be a heritage site

Bristol Bombay - K 3583
The first production
Bristol Bombay - K 3583 - flew in March 1939 and was to be the basis for the post War Bristol Type 170 Freighter, Wayfarer and Superfreighter
Following the success during the Second World War of the twin engined
Bristol Type 130 Bombay
utility aircraft in the Middle East theatre of operations, the Bristol Type 170 was devised along similar lines but with a much larger fuselage and simplified single fin tail and two-spar wing construction. It was also to be more specialised as a rugged heavy duty freighter with low initial and running costs and easy maintainance without the use of any special tools. Indeed, initial projections were for just one man hour of maintenance per aircraft hour of flight.
The production
Type 130 Bombay
had been introduced in 1939 as one of the first large twin engined monoplane designs to serve with the Royal Air Force. Built to meet Air Ministry specification C.26/31 for an aircraft capable of carrying 24 fully armed troops, 10 stretcher cases as an air ambulance or equivalent mixed freight, the high seven-spar cantilever winged fixed-undercarriage Bombay used lessons learned from Bristol's unique twin engined Bagshot fighter ( J7765 ) of 1927. The oval sectioned monocoque steel strip and aluminium fueslage frame of the Bombay was covered by a stressed Alclad skin. Alclad - an American invention - consisted of the lightweight but potentially corrosion prone Duralumin coated with a thin film of pure aluminium.
For civil aircraft specification 22/44 Bristol designer Archibald E. Russell had retained the wide tracked fixed undercarriage of the Bombay but gave the wing - with the same section and taper ratio - a swept leading and straight trailing edge.

super constellation plane
Air India super constellation plane readying for London flight at Juhu airport

Malabar Princess

JRD Tata

Mr & Mrs J.R.D. Tata meeting Mr V.K. Krishna Menon, then High Commissioner for India, on the arrival of Malabar Princess.

photos of planes at juhu airport 1940-1950

Tata Air Lines setzte ab Oktober 1938 De Havilland D.H. 86 ein.

The increased capacity enabled the creation of a new connection Bombay-Nairobi-Aden on 21 January 1950 since 26 July of that year, the plane landed in Karachi. On the route to London, Rome was from 12 March served as an additional stopover. was increased as the number of flights to London to four a week, two of these services started from 17 October in Calcutta, and on 8 April 1951 by India from London stopped after lift-off machine for the first time for a stopover in Paris. From 2 December 1952 launched some of the leading on Bombay, Cairo and Rome, London flights in Delhi, and on 21 February the following year was incorporated into the network of Dusseldorf All. Another innovation was the economy class on international flights, on 7 December 1952 with DC-4


Five-seat cabin monoplane-Miles Aircraft Limited-1935
was opened from Bombay to Karachi, Aden and Nairobi.
Supermarine Spitfire - Wikipedia
Supermarine Spitfire - Wikipedia
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Silver Spitfire sets record for round ...
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This video follows a historical simulation of young RAF pilots experience flying the Spitfire to intercept German Ju88 Bombers in the Battle of Britain. This video was made using the combat flight simulator IL-2 Sturmovik Great Battles series (Kuban, Stalingrad, Bodenplatte, Moscow). This video is ...
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A Spitfire Sortie, Intercepting multiple Bf109's and He111's over Britain | IL-2 Great Battles So it took some time but here it is! A somewhat cinematic video th

operated service Bombay-Ahmedabad. Due to lack of profitability of the route but had 26 October, reinstated.Between July and September 1949, the Bombay-Nagpur-Calcutta route was flown daily, and 1 Opened in March 1950 machines of the type Viking day services between Bombay and Delhi. A month later, the approach of Hyderabad on the Bombay-Madras-Colombo route discontinued and replaced by Tirutschirapalli, and finally on 10 December 1952 the service of the DC-3 extends between Madras and Bangalore on Triwandrum, Koimbatur and Cochin to Ma

Tata f├╝hrte 1941 einige Stinson Model A ein.

Douglas C-47 im Nachkriegs-Einsatz bei Air-India

Ab April 1947 unterst├╝tzten Vickers-Armstrong Viking die DC-3

Lockheed L-1049C Super Constellation, 1954
49C Super Constellation

49C Super Constellation, the first on 19 June 1954 will be put into service, and after the second plane was taken over in July, had the 749A

Pan American World Airways Boeing 377 Stratocruiser (N1033V) "Cipper Seven Seas" arriving at London Heathrow on September 12, 1954 during Pan Am's heyday.

Photo by RuthAS


for two new routes will be exempted. Bombay, Madras and Bombay-Calcutta-Singapore-Bangkok-Hong Kong was on 16 14th July respectively August opened. The latter route was to the extradition of three L-1049E


7th May be extended from 1955 to Tokyo. Finally, we included two months later, the airport of Beirut and Zurich in the London route.
Lockheed L-1049C Super Constellation, 1954

In April 1956, followed by Damascus and Prague. On 11 June can AII Bombay their first L-1049G


  1. Pan Am Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Promo Film - 1950

    • 1 year ago
    One of the neatest vintage airliner promos around. Fantastic footage of PAA Strats, plus s

take over on 5 October for the opening of the weekly service, Bombay-Madras-Singapore-Darwin-Sydney used. As the first non-Soviet bloc owned airline also received All traffic rights for Moscow. The Soviet capital was allowed - in the pool with the Tu-104 Aeroflot

Tu-104 Aeroflot

- from 14 August, Delhi and Tashkent are served. Their first jet aircraft could AII in February 1960 to introduce the first place.
The early '50s saw the financial condition of various airlines operating in India deteriorate to such an extent that the Government decided to step in and nationalise the air transport industry and accordingly two autonomous Corporations were created on August 1, 1953.

Indian Airlines was formed with the merger of eight domestic airlines to operate domestic services, while Air India International was established to operate the overseas services.

Accidents and incidents
  • On 15 July 1953, a BOAC

  • DH.106 Comet

  • landed at Juhu Aerodrome instead of Mumbai's much largerSanta Cruz International Airport. The aircraft was flown out some nine days later.
  • On 28 May 1968, the pilot of a Garuda Indonesia Convair 990
  • Convair 990
  • also mistook Juhu Aerodrome for Santacruz Airport and tried to land his aircraft. It overshot the runway falling just short of the traffic road ahead and several residential buildings when its nose wheel got stuck in a ditch at the end of the runway. All passengers survived.
  • On 24 December 1972, Japan Airlines Flight 472, operated by Douglas DC-8-53
also landed at Juhu Aerodrome instead of Santacruz Airport. The aircraft overran the end of the runway and was damaged beyond economic repair. International Airport , Santacruz Built in 1948[people looking at one of the first jet plane in bombay]



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