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Thursday, July 6, 2017
France to ban sales of petrol and diesel cars by 2040 END OF OIL/PETROL AGE JUST 23 YEARS MORE
France to ban sales of petrol and diesel cars by 2040
Move by Emmanuel Macron’s government comes a day after Volvo said it would only make fully electric or hybrid cars from 2019
Thursday 6 July 2017
Last modified on Thursday 6 July 2017
will end sales of petrol and diesel vehicles by 2040 as part of an ambitious plan to meet its targets under the Paris climate accord, Emmanuel Macron’s government has announced.
Renault’s Zoe electric car will escape France’s ban after 2040. 3
The announcement comes a day after
Volvo said it would only make fully electric or hybrid cars from 2019 onwards
, a decision hailed as the beginning of the end for the internal combustion engine’s dominance of motor transport after more than a century.
Nicolas Hulot, the country’s new ecology minister, said: “We are announcing an end to the sale of petrol and diesel cars by 2040.” Hulot added that the move was a “veritable revolution”.
Pascal Canfin, the head of WWF France and a former Green politician who served in François Hollande’s government, said the
new policy platform to counter climate change
went further than previous administrations in France. “It places France among the leaders of climate action in the world,” he told France Inter radio.
Prof David Bailey, an automotive industry expert at Aston University, said: “The timescale involved here is sufficiently long term to be taken seriously. If enacted it would send a very clear signal to manufacturers and consumers of the direction of travel and may accelerate a transition to electric cars.”
Norway, which has the highest penetration of electric cars in the world,
has set a target
of only allowing sales of 100% electric or plug-in hybrid cars by 2025.
Other countries have floated the idea of banning cars powered by an internal combustion engine to meet air quality and climate change goals, but have not yet passed concrete targets.
has mooted a 2025 ban for diesel and petrol cars
some federal states in Germany are keen on a 2030 phase-out
India, where scores of cities are blighted by dangerous air pollution,
is mulling the idea of no longer selling petrol or diesel cars by 2030
, and said it wants to introduce electric cars in “a very big way”.
France’s announcement came as Bloomberg New Energy Finance predicted electric cars would come to dominate the automotive market more quickly and dramatically than previously thought.
Electric vehicles will make up 54% of all light-duty vehicle sales by 2040, up from the 35% share Bloomberg was forecasting just last year, according to
a new report by the research group
Bloomberg said such a widespread uptake of electric vehicles would globally reduce oil demand by 8m barrels a day and increase electricity consumption by 5% to charge all the new cars.
But Tony Seba, a Stanford University economist
who has published research predicting electric cars will even more rapidly take over from conventional cars
, said of France’s plan: “Banning sales of diesel and gasoline vehicles by 2040 is a bit like banning sales of horses for road transportation by 2040: there won’t be any to ban.”
French car manufacturers Peugeot, Citroën and Renault ranked first, second and third on a 2016 list of large car manufacturers with the lowest carbon emissions, the European Environment Agency said.
0.6% of new car registrations across the EU last year were for pure electric vehicles
, compared with 1.1% of new cars sold in France.
French-Japanese carmaker Renault-Nissan has been an enthusiastic early advocate for the vehicles, taking 14.6% of the EU market share for battery-powered vehicles. The firm has
of the more than
2m electric cars sold globally
France’s reliance on nuclear power stations for 80% of its electricity supply means that a shift to electric vehicles rather than oil-powered ones would dramatically cut its remaining carbon emissions.